Memo to Human Rights Watch

Today’s major news on Ethiopia is Human Rights Watch’s(HRW) detailed report on aid abuse by the Ethiopian government. The report supports what has been a conventional wisdom in Ethiopia with strong, albeit suggestive, evidence: the Ethiopian Peoples Revolutionary Democratic Front(EPRDF) uses aid to consolidate power by abusing human rights and constraining arenas of power contestation. That is all well and good. I am, however, really troubled by the fact that even HRW, an organization which has systematically exposed the real face of the Ethiopian government for years, succumbs to the “development rhetoric” so readily. In its choice of title and inside the 105-page report, the rights group seems to be implicitly suggesting that Ethiopia is a repressive but developmental state. This is not true if serious economists who have studied Ethiopia are to be believed. As William Wallis of the Financial Times notes, the numbers are just made up.

It is also an unforced own goal by HRW. In a world that is shamelessly seduced by China’s authoritarian but highly competent government, the argument that donors ought to rethink aid to a repressive state even if it delivers the economic goods gets little sympathy beyond New York University and the dwindling number of scholars and organizations with unflinching commitment to the values of the enlightenment.

Memo to HRW: In Ethiopia, there is neither freedom nor development.

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25 Responses to “Memo to Human Rights Watch”

  1. HRW is picking its own fight. People and countries behind the report have little interest for Ethiopia or Ethiopians. Our brittle country faces both a promising and a difficult future. Our life as citizens will be even more difficult if we are to be so blindly rejectionists to things which are obvious and clear. There is development in Ethiopia. But we can have more of this development whose benefit can be so fairly shared among our people if we have freedom and accountablity. Sadly we lack the latter.

  2. I like this Abiyee ”Memo to HRW: In Ethiopia, there is neither freedom nor development.”

    Well HRW needs to be highly commended for this fraternal report of the democrats to the democracy and freedom lovers populous of Ethiopia.
    Currently, no opposition party,tink tank or organisations is either witnessed or registered feeding us with such investigaively watchdog report.Not even a single medium did so except Martin Plaut’s last report.
    Even if the researchers from HRW vaguely stated that the country is making an economic progress- they also gave a concrete account by saying ” as to the Ethiopian government the country is growing by 11% bla bla”. So they didn’t endorse it fully.

    I Say here that we Ethiopians need to send thanking letter to HRW for standing by the people and letting the truth shine and plus for challenging donors(dictator feeders).

    HRW KEEP IT UP—WE NEED MORE REPORTS FROM YOU YET ON THE MEDIA(FOE),CIVIL SOCIETIES,RACIAL ABUSE/ETHNICIZINATION, RELIGIOUS DISCRIMINATION,STATUS OF DEMOCRATIC PILLARS IN THE COUNTRY.

  3. whether it is HRW or Amnesty International or any other they are all in that group Graham Hancock calls ‘Lords of Poverty’. Any thing they say,take it ‘cum grano salis’.

  4. I couldn’t agree more Abiye. There can never be development in a country where millions of people are in a permanent risk of hunger. There is no democracy in a country where there is no free and fair election. There is no freedom in a country where people are sent to jail for expressing dissent to the ruling party.

  5. Dear ABIYE TEKLEMARIAM and all the great staff of Addis neger.at home,abroad,in persecution or hiding under the table from the dictator EPRDF

    it is a great pleausre to have you back on the world wide page.you are a great intellectuals of this guy.keep up the good spirit.

    please don’t entertain comments coming from a narrowly parameterized perspective.this is not ETV or Addis Zemen.nobody should be allowed to equivocate here.

    only people with true conscious should be allowed to write in here.

    God bless you and the people of Ethiopia!!!

  6. Dear Abye,
    I fully understand your frustrations. I often experience similar sentiments when people tell me otherwise albeit my strong conviction and belief that my opinion is right beyond reasonable doubt. The problem in this case is the fact that Ethiopia has been experiencing significant progress in some areas is a matter where there is considerable consensus in the wider international community. The recent statement by President Obama on recent the United Nations General Assembly, several reports by the UN organs (UNDP, UNICEF and others) as well as other respected international entities reaffirm this fact. Even the much critical Economist Magazine predicted that Ethiopia will be among the five fastest growing economies in the world. But beyond these reports, the number of roads, clinics, power stations, schools, universities, and training centers demonstrate the fact that there is indeed some sort of growth in Ethiopia. I Last summer I had the opportunity to travel to Ethiopia and look Addis and other parts of the country. Despite my reservation on issues such as quality of education and inflation, I found no room to deny the change the country is undergoing.
    I also had the opportunity to go through a study in response to allegations of distortion in donor-supported development programmes commissioned by the Development Assistant Group in Ethiopia (consisting of all donors including the US, UK and the EU). This report http://www.dagethiopia.org/ indicates that
    “Ethiopia has made impressive development progress in recent years. Since 2000, Ethiopia has recorded the second fastest improvement in human development in the world (UNDP Human Development Report). Economic growth has accelerated on a sustained basis from around 2003, despite the global economic crisis.
    Significant progress is being made towards the Millennium Development Goals, with Ethiopia on track to meet Goal 1 (eradicate extreme poverty and hunger), Goal 2 (achieve universal primary education), Goal 6 (combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases) and Goal 8 (develop a global partnership for development). Good progress is also being made towards Goal 4 (reduce child mortality) and Goal 7 (ensure environmental sustainability).
    External aid has played a significant role in helping to deliver this development progress and growth, saving lives and improving livelihoods. These achievements are an important measure by which donors assess the overall effectiveness of their support to Ethiopia.
    In summary, our assessment suggests that Productive Safety Nets Programme (PSNP) and Protection of Basic Services (PBS ) are supported by relatively robust accountability systems. In the case of PBS – a programme that aims to support decentralized service-delivery, and whose programme-specific safeguards tend to focus on allocations to woredas – ensuring that systems at woreda and sub-woreda levels are effective and accountable is particularly important. The Relief programme and the Enhanced Outreach Strategy – Targeted Supplementary Feeding programme face important challenges in their accountability systems, in terms of safeguards and monitoring processes, and, especially for EOS-TSF, in terms of the existence of processes and mechanisms for input and challenge.”

    While the nexus between development and democracy needs extensive debate, I strongly belive that there is a need for widening the political space in Ethiopia.

    • Mekuria,
      Nice try. What you have omitted to say is what matters most in this debate: CSA is the only source of primary data in Ethiopia. Your DAG’s and WB’s do not collect primary data. If CSA is research 2000-ing numbers, your three paragraphs turn into all heat and no light. What Dercon’s work – one of the few independent studies on agricultural productivity – tells us is to seriously doubt the numbers. Only fools put their hand in your smoke and get burned after reading that work and following the government’s track record of pulling figures from its, hmm, you know where. Help me with this: What was the 99.6% about?

      • Dear Abye,
        Thank you for your intellectually oriented response. No flatteries, but whatever your opinions may be I whole heartedly respect your analytical skill. This is what we lack form both parts of the camp.
        Going back to the issue at hand, I am of the opinion that we should differentiate between oranges and apples (development and democracy). There is no conclusive evidence proving that either dictatorship or democracy bring development. Nonetheless, some argue that strong government or benevolent dictator incorporate more control over the variables that define development so in consequence is a better course to get to it. History has amply demonstrated that accelerated economic development may come in countries under dictatorship. South Korea, Taiwan, Singapore, China and recently Vietnam proved this fact beyond any confusion. Others argue that democracy and its institutions (rule of law, public participation and an independent judiciary) create the level of trust that’s necessary for investment and commitment to generate sustainable economic success.
        I understand your point on CSA, in light of the fact that statistics can well be manipulated as it was the case in former USSR. But who do you think should do this job, International Statistical Institute, IMF, World Bank. I don’t think giving it to any of them would be feasible. I dont either belive that everything we hear from the Economist to World Bank, fro Obama’s speech to UN Agency reports is said without any evidence. I always ask friends who argue other wise how we can explain the roads, clinics, power stations, universities, schools…. CSI do not miscount roads or power stations, universities or schools. So it is difficult to accept the “no development” argument.
        On the other hand, whatever amount of development it brings, the human rights and democratic situation in China is not something you wish for. The same is true with 99.6% vote that EPRDF claims it have got. Anyone who has the right mind cannot accept this result as a legitimate one.
        Therefore, we cannot say since there is no democracy there would not be development. It is enough to go to Hanoi, Beijing or even Addis to disprove this assertion.
        Here is a press release by Development Assistance Group (DAG) comprises 26 bilateral (US, UK, EU) and multilateral development agencies (World Bank, ADB) providing assistance to Ethiopia. It was released today …http://www.dagethiopia.org/
        “ The objective of development partners in Ethiopia is to provide assistance that supports effective development and poverty reduction and that reaches its intended beneficiaries. Respect for human rights is central to our work and to sustainable development. And some members of the DAG include human rights issues regularly in their dialogue with Government.
        The aid provided by members of the DAG in Ethiopia is transforming the lives of millions of poor people through basic services such as healthcare, education and water, and long-term food security. Our programmes are directly helping Ethiopia to reach the Millennium Development Goals.
        We take allegations of misuse of development assistance very seriously. That is why, even before the earlier HRW report, One Hundred Ways of Putting Pressure , the DAG commissioned an independent Aid Management and Utilisation Study in Ethiopia to examine the vulnerability of the programmes we support to possible misappropriation.
        We do not concur with the conclusions of the recent HRW report regarding widespread, systematic abuse of development aid in Ethiopia. Our study did not generate any evidence of systematic or widespread distortion. We, nonetheless, recognize that the programmes we support are not immune to the potential for aid misuse and have therefore included safeguard measures to address these risks. These measures include a range of rigorous checks such as regular financial audits, independent evaluations, independently-commissioned surveys and field monitoring visits to make sure our aid achieves the intended development results and its benefits reach those who need them.
        The DAG Aid Management and Utilization Study concluded that there are generally good accountability mechanisms and safeguards in place that provide checks on possible distortions. The study recommended, however, that safeguards could be further strengthened to include a greater focus on, for example, transparency and independent monitoring. Donors in Ethiopia are working jointly to strengthen programme-specific systems, in line with the study recommendations. And we will take forward a second stage of the DAG study to review further the effectiveness of accountability measures and safeguards on the ground and to cover other important donor-financed programmes. We believe that implementation of such measures will further reduce the potential for the type of misuses with which the HRW report was concerned.”

    • Dear Michael
      I wonder if you understand what this blog mean. Here you have some lessons.
      This blog is opened to share ideas and arguments about Ethiopia’s econoimic, social, cultural and political situations. People may have different views to what’s going in Ethiopia so have to be entertained.
      By the way how can you identify people whether they are narrow minded or truly conscious as you said? I think for you, if some one opposes EPRDF in what ever issue, he/she is conscious and people who support EPRDF or oppose Abiye’s comment are narrow minded. Maferia. I never see such a dedeb Ethiopian ever. Ato Michael, ebakiwoten lezih website silemaymetinu ejwon bisebesibu.
      God Bless you

  7. Dear Abiye,
    I like the statement that “in Ethiopia, there is neither freedom nor development” except for የወያኔ blind defenders and/or what Lenin called the “useful idiots.”
    Useful idiots

    Thomas Sowell, (a fellow at the Hoover Institution) and the author of The Quest for Cosmic Justice. book has the following to say concerning useful idiots:

    “LENIN is supposed to have referred to blind defenders and apologists for the Soviet Union in the Western democracies as “useful idiots.” Yet even Lenin might have been surprised at how far these useful idiots would carry their partisanship in later years — including our own times.

    Stalin’s man-made famine in the Soviet Union during the 1930s killed more millions of people than Hitler killed in the Holocaust — and Mao’s man-made famine in China killed more millions than died in the USSR. Yet we not only hear little or nothing about either of these staggering catastrophes in the Communist world today, very little were said about them in the Western democracies while they were going on. Indeed, many useful idiots denied that there were famines in the Soviet Union or in Communist China.

    The most famous of these was the New York Times’ Moscow correspondent, Walter Duranty, who won a Pulitzer prize for telling people what they wanted to hear, rather than what was actually happening. Duranty assured his readers that “there is no famine or actual starvation, nor is there likely to be.” Moreover, he blamed reports to the contrary on “rumor factories” with anti-Soviet bias.

    It was decades later before the first serious scholarly study of that famine was written, by Robert Conquest of the Hoover Institution, always identified in politically correct circles as “right-wing.” Yet when the Soviets’ own statistics on the deaths during the famine were finally released, under Mikhail Gorbachev, they showed that the actual deaths exceeded even the millions estimated by Dr. Conquest.

    Official statistics on the famine deaths in China under Mao have never been released, but knowledgeable estimates run upwards of 20 million people. Yet, even here, there were the same bland denials by sympathizers and fellow travellers in the West as during the earlier Soviet famine. One celebrated “expert” on China wrote: “I saw no starving people in China, nothing that looked like old-time famines.” Horrifying as the pre-Communist famines were, they never killed as many people as Mao’s famine did. “

    Accordingly, some people in HRW are become “Useful Idiots” by surrendering to the “developmental State” rhetoric /propaganda of TPLF and its supporters.

    One thing that የወያኔ sympathizers failed to understand is that “DEMOCRACY AND FREEDOM” are questions by their own right and should not depend on or made hostage of the construction of bridges, roads, dams, etc. If it were for construction, why then our fathers fought the Italian colonizer who constructed thousands of kilometers of roads and bridges that we are using now? Derge has also constructed many big factories, roads, colleges, etc in the country. But this did not hide the criminal and dictatorial nature of Dergue. Most beautiful cities in Africa were constructed by the British, Italian, Portuguese and French colonizers. If construction of foks, roads, bridges, dams, etc are important than freedom and democracy then black Africans should not have fought and/or resist colonialism. The “useful idiots” are insulting all African freedom fighters including Nelson Mandela!!!

  8. As you have correctly laid out, HRW seems to have picked the presumption of Ethiopia experincing developmnet but freedom after they had a good dinner with Meles at Arat Killo in 2009. Yet, for those of us who partake in the cooking of these number, we know how we work it out. The reaserch that you have mentioned is one evidence to such a kitchen-cooked data development process, which the governemnt feeds to IMF, WB and other international agencies. For the “cooking experts”, like me, who are involved in the process, there is nothing new. I think any body who wnat to look into the numbers might get a hint if one could regress all sectoral government data to the mean, longtudinally. It is all a bluff.

    Yet, HRW seems to have choosen its fight, as someone has said it above. Afterall, they also have their own institutional objective, and strategic purpose. The remaining fight shall be for us.

    Bottomline: In Ethiopia there is neither development nor freedom.

  9. abiye…..come back to the planet called earth……

  10. This is an interesting piece on how the international organization perceives development in Ethiopia. The aid saga in Ethiopia is an issue about which much has to be said. Given the fact that Ethiopia is receiving the world largest aid, it requires a lot of attention. Its use and abuse deserves critical study. HRW’s report of this kind indicates how much the issue is sensitive. Therefore I must say bravo to the HRW people. I owe Abiye also for his illuminating piece on the aspect that the HRW people failed to capture.

    I wonder how much this report provoked Ato Meles. I guess his speech early this week displays the extent. He appeared nervous and was threatening every one who is not willing to go as he/EPRDF wishes.

  11. Ato Abiye aka the lead “aslekash”,

    Since all your preachings turned into thin air recently,you came up with laughably foolish slogan-like article.

    The development that is going on in Ethiopia should have been your last chorus to make people wail after you.

    By the way, I wonder how you do your research with your disoriented brain at the moment. Is there a lending hand from CPJ in this kind of situations too?

    regards,
    alebachew

    • Dear Alebachew
      I don’t think there is any need to be abusive here as I am sure every one of us are entitled to our opinion. If you want to convince readers of this blog that contrary to Abiy’s argument Ethiopia is on a development path why not give your piece. To encourage you on such a path I will try and present my perspective as follows. UNDP which introduced the Human Development report back in the early 90s clearly distinguishes between growth and development. This work done by Nobel laureates in Economics notably Amartya Sen gives as much emphasis to social dimensions of growth as economic growth. In fact it uses GDP per capita (on which the Breton Woods institutions entirely rely to measure growth) only as one of five indices that include literacy, life expectancy, equitable access to services and gender equality. So in that measurement Ethiopia still ranks the lowest in the world bettering only countries like Niger, Mozambique and Guinea Bissau. Let me give you a direct quote from the 2009 report – ‘the HDI for Ethiopia is 0.414, which gives the country a rank of 171st out of 182 countries with data’. Please note that the average HDI for Sub Saharn Africa is around 0.523 (with one being good and zero being bad). The most important thing to note, however, is not the figures (as bad as they are) but that the HDI does not consider governance at all. So irrespective of the big hype about development in Ethiopia there is no basis at all to assert this claim. This means as its performance in HDI measurement is so bad the only other thing that the government can use to its advantage is the increase in GDP per capita. This indeed grew although again its not double digit as the government claims. Yet again this tells us very little except that there is more money in the economy compared to the previous year. Unfortunately however, in the case of Ethiopia it is not possible to claim an increase in GDP as the source of increase is not domestic product but predominantly aid and loan. If I am not mistaken the government’s budget in Ethiopian calendar 2003 is still more than 40 percent from external sources and Ethiopia has now achieved the ‘coveted’ status of being a recipient of the largest aid in Sub Saharan Africa. In spite of the meteorically growing aid, however, the country achieved none of the basic requirements for sustained growth which are capital, skilled human resource, efficient bureaucracy, and infrastructure particularly electricity and telephone. Couple this with the ethnic federalism that makes it exceptionally difficult for citizens to move and work in different parts of the country. This is a complex subject and a lot can be said about it but the bottom line for me is that the growth in Ethiopia is heavily dependent on external aid, focuses too much on certain infrastructure particularly road and the construction industry which create an illusion of development (look at the high rises in Addis and a few other cities). In addition the money from international aid is not trickling down to the lowest segment of the population and income disparity is at all time high and still increasing. I could go on about the fact that in twenty years Ethiopia miserably failed to create a middle class which is an engine of growth and development everywhere. So for supporters of the government my message is that we (at least I) don’t oppose the government because I dislike the color of Meles’ eyes. I oppose it because I am not convinced that it has the right policy or strategy to bring development even by standards of totalitarian and dictatorial regimes. Please note that I have not factored in human rights and democracy in my argument and if I factored that in the picture would be even bleaker.

      • Debela

        Thank you for the brilliant explanation. If people like Alebachew are genuinely interested in digging behind EPRDF’s development hype, your short albeit precise analysis should be more than enough. For some of you out there who have not yet read the seminal work by the Novel Laureate Amartya Sen “Development as Freedom”, I strongly suggest it for your weekend retreat. You will enjoy it, I guarantee you!!

  12. Is EPRDF really a developmental state? If so, why are they so afraid of having a clean election? If they know for sure that people are benefiting from the progress they are claiming why are not they sure about being elected? In my opinion this alone can attest the reality.

  13. In the near absence of reliable data, one is left to piece together a picture using anecdotal evidence and so-so data.

    In my picture, there is ‘some’ overall development in Ethiopia, primarily in public infrastructure, education, and health. There is also economic growth – I would put the figure around 6% (annual). (Which is not much considering the population growth rate, by the way, but it’s still much much better than before.)

    What does this mean when it comes to donor behaviour? Frankly, even if there were very little development in Ethiopia, donors would still shower the government with aid, as they have for the past twenty years. The only way to change donor behaviour is to put the sort of pressure on donor politicians that other groups (like the Jewish or Cuban lobbies) do, and the Ethiopian diaspora has demonstrated that it is nowhere near that level.

    Okay, what does this growth mean domestically in Ethiopia? I would say that anecdotally, it has made the population even more politically passive or docile than before. It’s a reality that the opposition must face today. They have to work twice as hard than they had to five or ten years ago.

    How long is this growth going to last? Probably till the next major drought, which we are due for (the last one was in 2002). The drought will demonstrate the weakness of the current economic ‘growth’, which is that we still have a huge population of small farmers who will be destitute upon the failure of one harvest.

    Of course, when this happens and 25-30 million people need food aid, the donors will come through again.

    In the end, what does all this analysis point to? As usual, the need for the opposition to get its act together and embark on a long road of capacity building. ዞሮዞሮ እሄነው ብቸኛ መፍትየው።

  14. wey developmentttt 21 October 2010 at 10:30 pm

    I strongly believe that Melese and few of his friends want and work for the development of ethoipia. I also believe that those same people are dictators, self righeous and a little bit backward and haters. With their interest to take ethiopia forward in their own way and their characters, have they succeeded to develop ethiopia? No big No. Last year, i was back home in the villages after 5 years. It was a real shock. There was no animals like cows goats like in the past, the land is so dry and the farmers were so desperate. Did i see new roads? yes i saw but it will be shame to say that the country is growing because of few roads and buildings when the people are desprate from poverty. Go to the towns, they are worse than villages full of people with no work and no future. let us not forget that the government received significant amount of money from donors also. Generally pm meles failed to unite the people rather he succeeded the other way round. How can you want to develop a country when you dont want its people to be united and love each other? that is a nighmare.

  15. If there is at all development in the true sense of the word- so where is the beef.? why over 6 million of our citizens rattling on their death bed owing to famine?.The woyane hoggish is the exact opposite of what we see on the ground.The buildings on which the woyane brags on are cosmetics and us it as pretext to trade in the name of development. Woyane had recieved from 2007-2010 3billions in aid from international organizations and others? where did the money go? indubitably has gone in to the coffers of woyane Mafiosos.Otherwise Most of the roads are constucted, in Addis Abeba including the Nefas selk express way, fully funded by the chinese government.The woyane has no any matching in-put here .The gilgel gibe was financed fully by Italian government.The Abay bridge is also done by financial aid ,to the tune of 100 million provided by the Japanese government .So i couldnot figure out why woyane is crowing as if it did something monumental for the Ethiopian people despite oblivious of its criminal cruel acts of using food as political weapon to decimate the anti-woyane population of the Amharas and Oromos.

  16. dear Abey
    u observed & said what is real in ground. The report by itself reflects what is really going on inside Ethiopia…. EPRDF is capable of doing even more than above mentioned crimes. China now this days wins the heart of our Pragmatic leader….. he is in love with chines brutality and mono party “meritocratic” regime…

  17. Dear Abiye,

    Some of the contributors to your useful and timely articles seem full time workers of TPLF who are fully or partially paid for their loyalities to them. Not a few of them seem also particularly employed & positioned to do the negative campaigning on all types of media (radio, television, internet print…in a fashinable manner. Some use differnet names, tones and pens(styles of writings) but stick to same negative and die-harding approach while others use same name but prefer different approaches, mostly with negative conclusions. It is the nature of their division of labour given to them as assignments by their lords. That is how bandas used to work for historically!!!

    On the other hand there can be innocent and genuine contributors who give their opinions assuming that it is true and fair. That doesn’t harm. Because this type of ideas do not come with same tone from article to article negativity in all medium. It is a learning process both for the writers and the readers.

    But those who consistently are opposing all ideas & thoughts like Alebachew, who knows only Sidib, are true enemies of the forums and all users of the forums must take care of their poisonous missions.

    For example let us see only two of the above listed contributors’ ideas on the given topic i.e. “Memo to Human Right Watch”.

    1. my friend Mekuria Deb in his lengthy article wrote the following:

    Mekuria is trying to convince readers that without democracy or in a dicatorial systems , development is realized. He is giving us examples like this:

    Thd developments in these 3 cities are assertions to his argument.He insists that countries do not need to have democracy in order to develop.

    Let us leave for this time aside the theoretical and conceptual meaning of development theory or what development is and let us look at two simple things from his assertion.

    a) He is accepting that Weyane has developed Addis being undemocratic like dictatorial leaders in China & Vietnam. That means Addis is developed and there is development in Ethiopia.

    b) The degree of lack of democracy in Ethiopia is not comparable to that of China or Vietnam. At minimum those in power both in China and Vietnam have the true sense belongingness to their country and people. These concerns are demonstrated and historically remembered in their respective countries in all aspects of occasions.

    In contrary to this let us see ours and theirs.
    1. No Vietnam or Chinese leader sell part of his country for cheap money and take that money to his pocket.
    2. No Vietnam or Chinese leader put his signature allowing part of his country to secede from the main land .

    3. No Vietnam or Chinese leader will make his country be landlocked against its historical geographical and legal rights. Not only that; No Vietnam or Chinese leader will stop and warn its citizens from their effort of to regain their outlet by all means.

    4. No Vietnam or Chinese leader will prepare fake statistics be it in reducing the numbers of one segment of the country’s population for political purpose and or produce false economic growth statistics to satisfy and attract mainly foreign donors. Therefore, you readers and especially the site administrator have to seriously judge in which sea do we writers are swimming in.

    Really some toxic ideas and thoughts have to be seriously considered as divisive, poisonous and anti Ethiopia. Their very contents and focuses are harmful to the future well being of our beloved motherland.

    So his conclusion arguing existence of development in undemocratic society is wrong.It is dead wrong again when he tries to assert it in Ethiopian cause. Let it be clear for him that development does not mean temporary happiness of the few on the misery of the majority. It is also a multi- diciplinary process that goes together in unison to bring purposefuly all aspects of life to betterment.

    2. Let us shortly see another writer’s cause. one contributor by the name Chysotom wrote the following:

    It seems that this one is from the second group. But how on earth he just can give an economic growth figure from the sky or the forest. Any how his conclusion too is that there is growth and development in Ethiopia.
    In a genuine cause, any economic growth rate equal or a little above the population growth rate is a sign of a healthy economic growth. But look how unhealthy Ethiopia’s cause is. The Weyanes are claiming not 6% like Chysotom, but 10% and 15% growth rates.

    we know how too cook statistical numbers by raising the base years and using falsified numbers as accomplishments.

    these is childish. This is a stand against humnaity.The real facts on the ground speaks.They show how the country is in a sinking boat.

  18. Another aspect of development is sustainablity. Growth may be achieved by rather short sighted policies that may bring about burst of activities in the short run. We have had allegations of distorted monetary policy (Of money supply and interest rates )and of huge government spending (fiscal policy) which are not entirely baseless, to say the least. If a political system is creating economical and political pressures that may explode at some point in time and can potentially sweep away any “development” of the past, I think they are rather dangerous and a country is better without. Although I am at times inclined to thinking that the country may do well without a truly democratic system, a case like ours where the potential threats of ethnic policy that may end up in a total chaos, inequitable sharing of resources, witnessed by the shooting up of “selected few”, and failure of the system to get consensus on such basic things as the boundary, the national flag or the organization of the state, economic policies that allow huge government deficit and high level of inflation, may jeoparadise everthing. So I may take a qualified stand as “there is no sustainable development”.

  19. why are you discarding my comment i just told the truth…lol

  20. Teshe, I hope today nobody will reply to your skin deep analysis on how the research should be done, and bla, bla,…

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